In the Bible , works of that kind do not bear the signature of their authors.So also as regards the absence of Joannine terminology in the Apocalypse.
In Asia, Melito, Bishop of Sardis, one of the Seven Churches of the Apocalypse, acknowledged the Revelation of John and wrote a commentary on it ( Eusebius, Hist. In Gaul, Irenaeus firmly believes in its Divine and Apostolic authority (Adversus Haer., V, 30).
In Africa, Tertullian frequently quotes Revelation without apparent misgivings as to its authenticity (C. In Italy, Bishop Hippolytus assigns it to the Apostle St.
He next points out how the characteristic terminology of the Fourth Gospel , so essential to the Joannine doctrine, is absent in the Apocalypse.
The terms, "life", "light", "grace", "truth", do not occur in the latter.
Another witness of about the same time is Papias, Bishop of Hierapolis, a place not far from Ephesus. John, he certainly was personally acquainted with several of his disciples ( Eusebius, Hist. From the Apocalypse undoubtedly Papias derived his ideas of the millennium, on which account Eusebius decries his authority, declaring him to have been a man of limited understanding. 200, a sect so called because of their rejection of the logos-doctrine, denied the authenticity of the Apocalypse, assigning it to Cerinthus (Epiphanius, LI, ff , 33; cf. Eusebius quotes his words taken from his Disputation: "But Cerinthus by means of revelations which he pretended were written by a great Apostle falsely pretended to wonderful things, asserting that after the resurrection there would be an earthly kingdom" (Hist. The most formidable antagonist of the authority of the Apocalypse is Dionysius, Bishop of Alexandria, disciple of Origen.
The apostolic writings which are extant furnish no evidence for the authenticity of the book. He is not opposed to the supposition that Cerinthus is the writer of the Apocalypse.
Nor did the crudeness of diction on the part of the Apocalypse escape him.
The Greek of the Gospel he pronounces correct as to grammar, and he even gives its author credit for a certain elegance of style.
John, and the Muratorian Fragment (a document about the beginning of the third century) enumerates it along with the other canonical writings, adding, it is true, apocryphal Apocalypse of St.